Mediterranean Haplogroup


There are extensive data indicating that some glacial refuge zones of southern Europe (Franco-Cantabria, Balkans, and Ukraine) were major genetic sources for the human r. Your terminal mutation is the most recently occurring mutation in your ancestral journey, for which we test in the lab. The ethnogenesis of Somali clans correspond with Y-lineages. Outside of this region, haplogroup J has a moderate presence in Southern Europe (especially in central and southern Italy, Malta, Greece, and Albania), Central Asia, and South Asia, particularly in the form of its subclade J2 (J-M172). Our Great Britain-6 member is of haplogroup J-M172 (also called J2) which has a distinctly Middle Eastern and Mediterranean population distribution, representing up to 30% of males in parts of Italy as shown below. It was found among 19% of the Phokaian samples and 12% of the Smyrnian samples as well as among 4% of the Provençal Frenchmen, 4. The lineage diverged around 55,000 years ago, and because of this early split, U lineages are found across a wide geographical area. Haplogroup I originated in the same Eastern Mediterranean zone as J1 and J2 but is now mostly found in Europe. Ancient DNA results from Early and Middle Neolithic samples reported the presence of haplogroup G2a-P15 [51-53], consistent with gene flow from the Mediterranean region during the Neolithic transition. txt) or read online for free. Yeah bro, Bantus acquired haplogroup E from the Hamitic males it originated with. 23% North West Indian 1. Y-DNA Haplogroup Percentages and maps for England: Source FTDNA Y-DNA projects… More information Find this Pin and more on Genetic Genealogy of Great Britain by bill pill. R1b Y-DNA Haplogroup, Starke, Florida. Subclades. Even in northern Europe, it is not unknown; as you probably know, Thomas Jefferson, of English origins, famously belonged to this haplogroup. The largest incidence of E1b1b is however in North Africa and the horn of Africa. As a secondary descendant of haplogroup K and a primary branch of haplogroup LT, haplogroup L currently has the alternative phylogenetic name of K1a, and is a sibling of haplogroup T (a. 1–6 Their strategy included. Haplogroup J2 is carried by 6% of Europeans and its frequency drops dramatically as one moves northward away from the Mediterranean. G is found mostly in the north central Middle East and the Caucasus, with smaller numbers around the Mediterranean and eastward. Mediterranean race (physical anthropometric concept) The Mediterranean race was one of the three sub-categories into which the Caucasian race and the people of Europe were divided by anthropologists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, following the publication of William Z. Genetic Structure of the Spanish Population Race. Our Great Britain-6 member is of haplogroup J-M172 (also called J2) which has a distinctly Middle Eastern and Mediterranean population distribution, representing up to 30% of males in parts of Italy as shown below. The second largest island of the Mediterranean managed to keep some of its natural, untouched beauty, which is more and more rare in modern Euro MAFIA: The Modern Mob. A Haplogroup tree can be presented showing the detailed branching of Haplogroup mutations hierarchically from the originator onwards, or in relation to specific big mutations and geographic regions, as in the L-M-N mitochondrial split between Africa and Asia. 5% of the Hungarian Conquerors. L2a is a subclade sometimes called "Mediterranean" because it occurs in southern Europe, from Portugal to Turkey, in the countries bordering the northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. (Not realizing its significance until much later, the author traveled the road from Sofia, Bulgaria to Thessalonica, Greece, during a mission trip in August 2004. Therefore, we have analyzed the mtDNA of 128 native individuals of Romania: 62 of them from the North of Romania, and 66 from South Romania. History and description of Haplogroup (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Paternal Haplogroup Paternal Haplogroup You descend from a long line of men that can be traced back to eastern Africa over 275,000 years ago. Haplogroup J1 is found distributed throughout Europe, from Britain to Iberia and along the Mediterranean coast. The average frequency of J Haplogroup as a whole is highest in the Near East (12%) followed by Europe (11%), Caucasus (8%) and North Africa (6%). Reply Delete. Case in point: concrete evidence of the early presence of the Hamitic haplogroup E1b1b in Neolithic through to Roman-period Europe, and West Eurasian affiliation for the maternal lineages of pretty much all, if not close to all, these analysed E1b1b carriers. E-M2 is the predominant subclade in Western Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa and the African Great Lakes, and occurs at moderate frequencies in North Africa and Middle East. Comparing My Ancestry. Science , this issue p. Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U is among the initial maternal founders in Southwest Asia and Europe and one that best indicates matrilineal genetic continuity between late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer groups and present- day populations of Europe. Haplogroup E1b1b (M35) (the Mediterranean) The E1b1b haplogroup (previously known as E3b) is common in the Mediterranean region, including North Africa, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Balkan countries such as Albania and Serbia. In human genetics, Haplogroup J2b1 (M205) is one of two complimentary clades of Y-chromosome Haplogroup J-M172 (Greco-Anatolian, Mesopotamian and/or Caucasian). "Haplogroup J is mostly found in South-East Europe, especially in. Haplogroup J has been found in Bronze Age samples from the Yamna culture (J2b), Corded Ware culture (J1c and J2b1a), the Catacomb culture (J1b1a1), the Unetice culture (J1b1a1), and the Urnfield culture (J1b1), all in Central Europe. I posted male and female lines that tend to go together. Furthermore, the haplogroup J-M12, only detected in the Cap Corse region and described to correlate with the distribution of archaeological painted pottery and anthropomorphic figurines suggested an additional Neolithic migration route. Conclusions: The haplogroup E among Western Andalusians revealed a complex admixture of genetic markers from the Mediterranean space, with interesting signatures of populations from the Middle East and the Balkan Peninsula and a surprisingly low influence by Berber populations compared to other areas of the Iberian Peninsula. Ancient DNA analyses of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers from Russia and Sweden indicate that the haplogroup was present in Europe prior to the expansion of. Haplogroup E3b. Yeah bro, Bantus acquired haplogroup E from the Hamitic males it originated with. Other subclades of J1b are restricted to the Middle East or the eastern Mediterranean. UK- High frequency in Finland, Scandinavia, Baltic countries, Mediterranean Overlap between y-haplogroups and mt-haplogroups. Even in northern Europe, it is not unknown; as you probably know, Thomas Jefferson, of English origins, famously belonged to this haplogroup. Its present geographic distribution argue in favour of a Neolithic expansion from the Fertile Crescent. The Y-chromosome haplogroup from the three related males turned out to be R1a1. N: the haplogroup that lived by the Mediterranean and represents one of the two large family clans that made it out of Africa and populated Europe and Asia. Haplogroup J is more frequent in the northwest corner of Spain and in the Basque country, while its sister haplogroup T is more frequent in the Mediterranean coast. Of the two main sub-groups, J1 takes up four-fifths of the total and is spread on the continent while J2 is more localised around the Mediterranean, Greece, Italy/Sardinia and Spain. But it is discussed as such in Donald Yates’ Old World Roots of the Cherokee, where it takes its rightful place among other Middle Eastern haplogroups like U, J and X. Haplogroup I-M438 originated some time around 26,000–31,000 BCE and has two primary subclades: I-L460, I-L596 and I-L147. Haplogroup E3b Scientists believe that haplogroup E3b originated in the Near East, and spread across the Mediterranean and North Africa during the Neolithic. (All these haplogroups have had other historical names listed below. Haplogroup E1b1b (formerly E3b) (M215) Horn of Africa (Ethiopians, Somalis), North Africa (Berbers, Arabs), the Middle East, Europe (esp. Race and Haplogroups Italy = 50% Dinaricized Mediterranean (most common in the south and Sicily), 20% Dinaric (most common in the north), 15% Alpine (most common in the northwest), 10% West Mediterranean (most common in Sardinia), 4% Noric (most common in the north, 1% Nordic (most common in the remnants of the Ostrogoth and Lombard aristocracy. A total of 2,196 unrelated DNA samples, belonging to 22 populations from North Africa and the southern Mediterranean coast of occidental Europe, have been typed. The ranges of specific y-haplogroups and specific mt-haplogroups overlap, indicating populations that have a specific combination of a y-haplogroup and an mt-haplogroup. Because Jews and Arabs belong to haplogroup J, then, by that definition they belong to the "mediterranean race" but here's the problem; haplogroup J, it has been discovered, originated in central Asia, and from there the people migrated to India, Persia, and the fertile crescent. It has been found at a frequency of approximately 10% among the Maris of the Volga-Ural region, leading to the suggestion that this region might be the source of the. A Y chromosome has been observed at very low frequencies in some Mediterranean islands. Thus far, the oldest published instances of N-L1026 are in two Siberian-like samples dating to 1473±87 calBCE from the site of Bolshoy Oleni Ostrov (BOO), located within the Arctic Circle in the Kola Peninsula, northern Russia. The Romanians (români or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that s. The haplogroup mostly stayed in place until about 15,000 years ago, when the glaciers that had covered much of Eurasia during the Ice Age began to retreat. This Maghreb component could have arrived through Atlantic Copper or Bronze age networks, leaving the presence of U6c to Punic or more probably, Roman colonization. View Videos or join the Haplogroup L-M20 discussion. Percentages on DNA ancestry tests also don't necesarrily (but sometimes do) have to do with physical appearence. Haplogroup W Origins and Subgroups Modern Worldwide Distribution of Haplogroup W In the Old World Haplogroup W occurs primarily in South Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, and Europe, with an average of only 1 to 2% of the population being of this group. Haplogroup frequencies decrease from Central Italy (37. Some Great New Info Shared by Robert H. The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253 (Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain this climate transition, and recently, the enhancement of the Mediterranean Overflow Water (MOW) was suggested to have played a major role since it contributes high salinity water to the North Atlantic. Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. Mitochondrial haplogroup U is a diverse haplotype with many sub-lineages. " Wales Online (January 17, 2015). MtDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links The following mtDNA Haplogroup Descriptions are from the FamilyTreeDNA. com topic list or share. Haplogroup I-M438 originated some time around 26,000–31,000 BCE and has two primary subclades: I-L460, I-L596 and I-L147. On the basis of 94 high-coverage re-sequenced Y chromosomes, we establish and date a detailed hg N phylogeny. The OP may have been thrown off by the description of E-L117 as African. Several independent studies conclude that haplogroup H probably evolved in West Asia c. Phylogenetic tree of haplogroup (Y. The Dinaric group is a very large paternal haplogroup centered in Eastern and Central Europe, at various times it has been known as I-P37. In human genetics, Y Haplogroup E-M123 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup, and defined by the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation M123. Members of the J1 and J2a4* haplogroup clades can view the latest Fluxus diagrams created by J DNA Project administrator Bonnie Schrack on this Y-Haplogroup J DNA Project page. 5 Candela L. Looking at a wider variety of DNA across your genome really determines ethnic group and haplogroups in themselves do not determine ethnic groups. Your Y-DNA Haplogroup E2 has East African Origin , however this particular haplogroup can be found as well in South West Asia’s Middle East and the Mediterranean. Hmm, genetics doesn't indicate that. Similar proportions of these haplogroups are noted in the populations of Egypt, Israel and other parts of the East Mediterranean (see below). The Israel Identity Haplogroup Issue Modern genetic findings are providing some very interesting information about the populations settled in different parts of the world. Haplogroup X1 is centered around North Africa and the Horn of Africa while X2 occurs in Northern Africa, the Near East, Southern Europe, Georgia, and a Russian population near the Altai Mountains which is in Northern Siberia. com website which was the testing company used to determine the nearest Haplogroup assigment based on the individual's haplotype results from the Y-DNA paternal line test. Most of the time these are *suggested* results and require a haplogroup test to know for certain. The following is a list of the Y chromosome DNA haplogroup and mtDNA haplogroup nicknames used by BritainsDNA, ScotlandsDNA, IrelandsDNA, CymruDNAWales and YorkshiresDNA. Two other haplogroups, HG25. Its age is between 6,000 and 10,300 years (Behar et al. A new paper in Nature Communications recharges a debate regarding the ancestry of Ashkenazi Jews, tracing maternal lineages back to Mediterranean Europe. Here, we describe a system for the molecular. Haplogroup J2, as previously discussed, is often incorrectly equated with J1 and described as “Jewish” or “Semitic,” despite the fact that it is present in a variety of non-Jewish Mediterranean and Northern European populations. Haplogroup X1 is further divided into X1a and X1b. The haplogroup connects all these men to still others in the Iranian Plateau and Central Asia, where between 5 and 10% of men also bear the lineage. 22% Celtic 12. The Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS), the human mitochondrial sequence to which all other sequences are compared, belongs to haplogroup H. ' It is situated in a narrow gorge, scarcely half a mile wide, between Powell's Mountain and the Copper Ridge, and is, as you may suppose, almost inaccessible. The people of Haplogroup G entered Western Europe about 8000 ybp with G2a2-L1259. While Haplogroup J is found at moderate frequencies in South Europe and regions adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea (5-25%, e. Haplogroup U is a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup (mtDNA). They came through two different routes, one by sea, the Mediterranean group and one across the country, the continental group. Haplogroup J2 or M172 is especially frequent in men from the Near East and the eastern Mediterranean. Evidence for haplotype sharing with non-Ashkenazi Jews for each of the three main haplogroup K founders may imply a partial common ancestry in Mediterranean Europe for Ashkenazi and Spanish-exile. It is a predominantly Mediterranean haplogroup. 1 The ancient origins of E1b1b1 - M35. The only question is whether E-M81 arrived from East Africa into North Africa by boat or overland. It is similar to the EEF map above, but probably contains some Mesolithic North African and South European ancestry (Y-DNA E-M78, mtDNA H and V) not included in the WHG, Northwest European and East European admixtures above. Haplogroup P is significant because it is the direct ancestor of Haplogroups Q and R. - Y- DNA Haplogroup H is a branch of the mega-Haplogroup F, and is believed by scientists to have originated roughly 30,000 years ago in Eastern Africa before spreading to the Indian subcontinent. Subclades. Genetic research indicates that Turkic people do not consist of just a single or a few haplogroups, but they stock nearly 18 Y-DNA haplogroups. All mitochondrial haplogroups considered native outside of Africa are descendants either of the M or N macro-haplogroups. L2 is the predominant subclade for European Haplogroup L, although it is rare at only 1-3% of the population. The Andalusian population from Huelva reveals a high diversification of Y-DNA paternal lineages from haplogroup E: Identifying human male movements within the Mediterranean space. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. [ 71 ] is found mainly in the Fertile Crescent, the Caucasus, [ 72 ] Anatolia, the Balkans, Italy, the Mediterranean littoral, the Iranian plateau, Central Asia, and South Asia. 5% in Montpellier, 34% in Perpignan and 34% in Grasse; in Corsica, the mean frequency is 24%. In human mitochondrial genetics, L is the mitochondrial DNA macro-haplogroup that is at the root of the human mtDNA phylogenetic tree. The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. Haplogroup J2, as previously discussed, is often incorrectly equated with J1 and described as “Jewish” or “Semitic,” despite the fact that it is present in a variety of non-Jewish Mediterranean and Northern European populations. If the haplogroup in question is E1b1b1b-M81 it would be the product of a pre-Neolithic Mediterranean expansion, if E1b1b1a1b-V13 it could be Mycenaean or Phoenician. Haplogroup G2c is mostly found in Eastern Europe (Poland, Lithuania, Belorussia) - G2a1a (dark yellow) is dominated by individuals from North Ossetia and Georgia (probably South Ossetia). The frequency is higher in southern Europe, amounting to approximately 8-10% of the population in Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey. While most haplogroup U subclades are older than 30 thousand years, the comparatively recent coalescence time of the extant variation of haplogroup U7 (~16–19 thousand years ago) suggests that its current distribution is the consequence of more recent dispersal events, despite its wide geographical range across Europe, the Near East and South. Haplogroup R-M269, has been found significantly over-represented in Western-Mediterranean populations (IBE, GER and NCI), and under-represented in the South-Eastern Mediterranean ones (BALK, LEV and NAFR). Scientists believe that haplogroup E3b originated in the Near East, and spread across the Mediterranean. Haplogroup R1a, which is common in East European populations, is most frequently encountered among Norwegians in eastern-central areas of Norway, reaching its peak (31% frequency) among those living in the Trøndelag region in central Norway. Charles Kerchner's YDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links The following Haplogroup Descriptions are from the FamilyTreeDNA. The only question is whether E-M81 arrived from East Africa into North Africa by boat or overland. MtDNA is the DNA that is found in the mitochondria of cells, and is passed down strictly from mother to child. Haplogroup E1b1b (formerly E3b) (M215) Horn of Africa (Ethiopians, Somalis), North Africa (Berbers, Arabs), the Middle East, Europe (esp. To resolve the phylogeny of this haplogroup, we completely sequenced 113 mitochondrial genomes (79 U5a and 34 U5b) of central and eastern Europeans (Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Russians and Belorussians), and reconstructed a detailed phylogenetic tree, that incorporates. entitled "Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Chromosome Perspective" was published in March by the Annals of Human Genetics. It was established that they both belonged to haplogroup E-M34, a sub-clade which is thought to have reached Mediterranean Europe from the Levant during the Neolithic period. com topic list or share. Haplogroup mtDNA and Brit-Am Israelite Identifications. Abstract (emphasis mine): Background The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and. The haplogroup connects all these men to still others in the Iranian Plateau and Central Asia, where between 5 and 10% of men also bear the lineage. 889 relations: 'Amr III ibn al-Mundhir, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī, Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, Abbasgulu Bakikhanov, Abbasid Caliphate, Abba. Recent open access paper The distribution of mitochondrial DNA haplogroup H in southern Iberia indicates ancient human genetic exchanges along the western edge of the Mediterranean, by Hernández, Dugoujon, Novelletto, Rodríguez, Cuesta and Calderón, BMC Genetics (2017). 0 gave me was H3i1. Media in category "Maps of the Mediterranean Basin" The following 95 files are in this category, out of 95 total. It has been found at a frequency of approximately 10% among the Maris of the Volga-Ural region, leading to the suggestion that this region might be the source of the. Sephardic Jews have roughly twice as much J2 as J1 and Ashkenazi Jews have a near equal proportion of J1 and J2 haplogroup markers. 5%), Spain (1. In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the Y chromosome (called Y-DNA). The frequency is higher in southern Europe, amounting to approximately 8-10% of the population in Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey. Haplogroup E3b (M35) (East Africa (Ethiopians and Somalians), North Africa (especially Berbers and Egyptians), the Middle East, the Mediterranean) Groups with mutation M89 (mutation M89 occurred ~45,000 bp). Haplogroup J spread in the Mediterranean due to Phoenician and Greek colonizations Carlos Quiles Afroasiatic , Anthropology , Archaeology , Culture , Genetics , History May 15, 2018 Open access A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean , by Finocchio et. The second largest island of the Mediterranean managed to keep some of its natural, untouched beauty, which is more and more rare in modern Euro MAFIA: The Modern Mob. Haplogroup L1 arose with Mitochondrial Eve and haplogroup L0 is an offshoot. MDLP K=11 Admixture Proportions. G-M406 is a branch of Haplogroup G Y-DNA (M201). A haplotype is a group of alleles in an organism that are inherited together from a single parent, and a haplogroup (haploid from the Greek: ἁπλοῦς, haploûs, "onefold, simple" and English: Group) is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor with a single-nucleotide polymorphism mutation. Haplogroup X1 is further divided into X1a and X1b. The mitochondrial super-haplogroup U encompasses haplogroups U1-U7 and haplogroup K. According to current theories, Haplogroup I first arrived in Europe around 20,000-25,000 years ago from the Middle East. But it is discussed as such in Donald Yates’ Old World Roots of the Cherokee, where it takes its rightful place among other Middle Eastern haplogroups like U, J and X. One group is found only in Sub-Saharan African and one is found mostly in the Middle East and the Mediterranean basin and is known colloquially as the Berber haplogroup. The Sinti are a historically nomadic people, often considered to be a subgroup of the Roma. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. The first and only direct-to-consumer DNA testing company with reports authorized by the FDA, 23andMe also gives customers information on their ancestry and traits. Today it is most prevalent (90%) among the. It is associated with the pre-Celto-Germanic people of north-Western Europe, such as the megaliths builders (5000-1200 BCE). Originating on the southern steppe as an outgrowth of the Yamnaya culture, the Catacomb culture came to cover a large area. In the present study we have assessed whether the Carpathian Mountains represent a genetic barrier in East Europe. The invasion of Britain by the Roman military in CE 43, and the subsequent occupation of Britain for nearly four centuries, brought thousands of soldiers from the Balkan peninsula to Britain as part of auxiliary units and as regular legionnaires. Haplogroup I2a1b is found in especially high frequencies in northeastern Romania, Moldova, and central Ukraine. The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. Haplogroup J2b1 M205 (Proto-Thracian/Ancient Greek) is very present in the Balkans and is at its strongest in Montenegro, Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia. The root of U5b3a1 originated probably in the Mediterranean coast of southern France and the same haplotype then went into Sardinia some 7–9 kya, possibly as a result of the obsidian trade that linked the two regions. This haplogroup is associated with South Asia. Haplogroup J is found in 44% of those tested from the "Middle East". A paper by Capelli et al. Haplogroup J/J2. Haplogroup E1b1b1a2 arose in the Balkan region of southeast Europe about 9,000 years ago, just as agriculture was beginning to make its way into the region. Haplogroup T2 is one of the older sub-lineages and may have been present in Europe as early as the Late Upper Palaeolithic. Nonetheless, Dienekes does a great job of keeping up with the science of genetic and anthropological research in the Mediterranean and elsewhere and I read his blog. The authors identified four population clusters in the Mediterranean: North Africa, Arab, Central-East, and West. Haplogroup is a major West Asian and Greco-Roman paternal lineage. Particular concentrations appear in Georgia (8%), the Orkney Islands in Scotland (7%) and amongst the Israeli Druze community (26%). The Phoenicians’ fate as a maritime power is well documented. This is the most comprehensive study yet on the region, using a combination of biallelic polymorphisms defining haplogroups and microsatellites over several Mediterranean populations. G-M406* (G2a2b1*; previously G2a3a*) and its subclades seem most commonly found in Turkey and the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean where it can constitute up to 5% of all makes and 50% of haplogroup G samples. 1 haplogroup Friday , February 18, 2011 E1b1b1 Jewish haplogroup E1b1b1 ( M35 ) Migration through Jericho According to Wikipedia : The linguistic group and may have E1b1b1 scattered along the region of origin of the language family. 6 % to 30 % of Sephardic Y-chromosomes, appears to be one of the major founding lineages of the Jewish population. 889 relations: 'Amr III ibn al-Mundhir, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī, Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, Abbasgulu Bakikhanov, Abbasid Caliphate, Abba. The oldest and deepest rooted X2a result, relative to the haplotree, is Kennewick man whose remains were found in the western US. Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) In human genetics, Haplogroup R is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, a subgroup of haplogroup P, defined by the M207 mutation. As far as I can tell, for non-Jewish non-Hungarian non-German non-Roma ethnic Romanians their Y-DNA haplogroups include E1b1b1, G, I1, I2a, Q, and R1b1a2. Today it is most prevalent (90%) among the. Even in northern Europe, it is not unknown; as you probably know, Thomas Jefferson, of English origins, famously belonged to this haplogroup. Haplogroup I2a1b is found in especially high frequencies in northeastern Romania, Moldova, and central Ukraine. Haplogroup H. Beginning at the time of the Greek and Roman Empires, close 6 million Jews are thought to have resided in the Roman Empire. Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. The ancestors of these men must have sailed across the Mediterranean Sea and settled in communities along the European coast. INTRODUCTION. This project is a meeting place for users who share the J-M172 Y-DNA haplogroup, which means they are related along their paternal lines. Because Jews and Arabs belong to haplogroup J, then, by that definition they belong to the "mediterranean race" but here's the problem; haplogroup J, it has been discovered, originated in central Asia, and from there the people migrated to India, Persia, and the fertile crescent. It's seem La Braña carried the ancestral state for V86, V182, V184, V222, so it is probably best to assume simply C*. M267 is also seen in Mediterranean Europe, though at much lower frequencies. Genetic Structure of the Spanish Population Race. This understandably makes it convenient to classify it as one of African origin. 2000px-Distribution Haplogroup J2 Y-DNA. Haplogroup J2 is carried by 6% of Europeans and its frequency drops dramatically as one moves northward away from the Mediterranean. This blog is dedicated to those who carry the J2 "Y" DNA Haplogroup, with a focus on J2a4h2, also known as J-L25, with further changes to F3133, and FGC9962. We have analyzed their mtDNA variability in the context of other European and Near Eastern populations through multivariate analyses. Phylogenetic tree of haplogroup R1b-DF27/S250 (Y-DNA) - Eupedia See more. The North African cluster exhibits high frequencies of North African specific haplotypes within haplogroup E3b. The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253 (Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. This blog is dedicated to those who carry the J2 "Y" DNA Haplogroup, with a focus on J2a4h2, also known as J-L25, with further changes to F3133, and FGC9962. Conclusions: The haplogroup E among Western Andalusians revealed a complex admixture of genetic markers from the Mediterranean space, with interesting signatures of populations from the Middle East and the Balkan Peninsula and a surprisingly low influence by Berber populations compared to other areas of the Iberian Peninsula. The largest incidence of E1b1b is however in North Africa and the horn of Africa. As far as I can tell, for non-Jewish non-Hungarian non-German non-Roma ethnic Romanians their Y-DNA haplogroups include E1b1b1, G, I1, I2a, Q, and R1b1a2. the Eastern Mediterranean, including the four main Bronze Age maritime cities of Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and Ar-wad and located in the modern countries of Lebanon and southern Syria. G-M406* (G2a2b1*; previously G2a3a*) and its subclades seem most commonly found in Turkey and the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean where it can constitute up to 5% of all makes and 50% of haplogroup G samples. Haplogroup J is more frequent in the northwest corner of Spain and in the Basque country, while its sister haplogroup T is more frequent in the Mediterranean coast. As with other populations with Mediterranean ancestry this lineage is found within Jewish populations. Y-DNA haplogroup G is primarily a Middle Eastern, Caucasus Region, and Mediterranean haplogroup that occurs in northwestern Europe in only about 2% of males. The invasion of Britain by the Roman military in CE 43, and the subsequent occupation of Britain for nearly four centuries, brought thousands of soldiers from the Balkan peninsula to Britain as part of auxiliary units and as regular legionnaires. The J2 haplogroup is far more ancient than the Jewish religion and is found in many lines with Mediterranean region ancient ancestry. Recent open access paper The distribution of mitochondrial DNA haplogroup H in southern Iberia indicates ancient human genetic exchanges along the western edge of the Mediterranean, by Hernández, Dugoujon, Novelletto, Rodríguez, Cuesta and Calderón, BMC Genetics (2017). These invaders must have conquered most of the Balkans at the same time, which explains the distribution of the haplogroup March 23, 2019 at 10:35 PM. Today it is most prevalent (90%) among the. The Neolithic overlaps the Mesolithic and Bronze Age periods in Europe as cultural. It may also have spread up through the Balkans into northwestern Europe, becoming a minority admixture in Germany and Denmark, and eventually arriving in England with the Anglo-Saxons and. Here are some highlights, organized by haplogroup. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. If you also have been DNAPrint BioGeographical Ancestry DNA tested, please add your test results for that test into my separate DNAPrint Test Results Log for that test. The following is a list of the Y chromosome DNA haplogroup and mtDNA haplogroup nicknames used by BritainsDNA, ScotlandsDNA, IrelandsDNA, CymruDNAWales and YorkshiresDNA. Many subclades of J were also born there, but eventually, some began the slow migration to Europe. High frequencies don't prove point of origin only where the haplogroup is common. The authors identified four population clusters in the Mediterranean: North Africa, Arab, Central-East, and West. This is what a new study demonstrates almost beyond doubt. They came through two different routes, one by sea, the Mediterranean group and one across the country, the continental group. Subclade X2 is more widely distributed throughout Mediterranean Europe, the Caucasus, the Near East and North America. Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) In human genetics, Haplogroup R is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, a subgroup of haplogroup P, defined by the M207 mutation. Similarly, my haplogroup, Q, is most prevalent in Central Asia and the Americas, but my broadest subclade, Q1b, is mostly present in West Asia and South Asia. This blog is dedicated to those who carry the J2 "Y" DNA Haplogroup, with a focus on J2a4h2, also known as J-L25, with further changes to F3133, and FGC9962. Second, we are all a mixture of different tribes, also agreed. Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup H5 in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East - happens to be the gift of my mother's side. From 2002 to 2008, it was known as Haplogroup E3a. I'm as white as anyone, born blonde (now brown but golden-red highlights in the sun) with blue eyes and I am E1b1b (E V13) from Northern Europe. The Sinti are a historically nomadic people, often considered to be a subgroup of the Roma. It is also common in Anatolia and around the Caucasus, in parts of Russia and in Central and South Asia. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. Haplogroup X1 is centered around North Africa and the Horn of Africa while X2 occurs in Northern Africa, the Near East, Southern Europe, Georgia, and a Russian population near the Altai Mountains which is in Northern Siberia. 5%), Spain (1. This project is a meeting place for users who share the J-M172 Y-DNA haplogroup, which means they are related along their paternal lines. The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. (Not realizing its significance until much later, the author traveled the road from Sofia, Bulgaria to Thessalonica, Greece, during a mission trip in August 2004. The alternative SNP names are provided as shown on the ISOGG Y-SNP tree. Haplogroup L is found mainly in India and Pakistan, as well as in the Middle East and, very occasionally, in Europe, particularly in Mediterranean countries [68,71]. Haplogroup E3b is believed to have evolved in the Middle East. View Videos or join the Haplogroup L-M20 discussion. have written an important new article on Y-chromosomal variation in the Mediterranean basin. Genetic changes track the historical changes occurring in Rome and reflect gene flow from across the Mediterranean, Europe, and North Africa over time. There is a high (19%) incidence of J1 haplogroup among the Polish Roma ethnic group which is ascribed to the founder effect. The demographic processes that have shaped the vast extent of this major Y chromosome lineage across numerous linguistically and autosomally divergent populations have previously been unresolved. In any case, lack of matches is unfortunately the norm for people outside the "usual" R and I haplogroups. As can be seen from the project results page here she is one of just 13 people in the project belonging to haplogroup ROa. Ancestral Haplogroup Haplogroup A (Hg A) Haplogroup B (Hg B) All of these molecules are part of the ancestral haplogroup, but at some point in the past a mutation occurred in the ancestral molecule, mutation A, which produced a new lineage; this is haplogroup A and is defined by mutation A. Outside of this region, haplogroup J has a moderate presence in Southern Europe (especially in central and southern Italy, Malta, Greece, and Albania), Central Asia, and South Asia, particularly in the form of its subclade J2 (J-M172). The largest incidence of E1b1b is however in North Africa and the horn of Africa. Haplogroup G was the first branch of Haplogroup F outside of Africa. Find your ancient maternal haplogroup with mtDNA: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Haplogroups are ancient maternal family groups. Haplogroup V7 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. U6c is confirmed as a low-frequency Mediterranean haplogroup. It has an estimated age of 6,500 years. They traded silver from Iberia, copper from Cyprus, and textiles from Morocco. E is African in its origin, but E1b1b is a Mediterranean haplogroup, not a sub-Saharan one. Ancestral Haplogroup Haplogroup A (Hg A) Haplogroup B (Hg B) All of these molecules are part of the ancestral haplogroup, but at some point in the past a mutation occurred in the ancestral molecule, mutation A, which produced a new lineage; this is haplogroup A and is defined by mutation A. Find your ancient maternal haplogroup with mtDNA: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Haplogroups are ancient maternal family groups. My Autossomal MDLP World-22 Admixture Proportions Magnus Ducatus Lituaniae Project MDLP World-22 Populations For questions or comments about this project or your results, please email [email protected] The history of the Jewish people from Classical Antiquity towards modern day provide a guide to understanding their population genetics. The key finding is that Mediterranean populations can be grouped into four main clusters: North Africa, Arab, Central-East, and West Mediterranean. The first and only direct-to-consumer DNA testing company with reports authorized by the FDA, 23andMe also gives customers information on their ancestry and traits. Without testing for any subclade, haplogroup A has been found in a sample of Greeks from Mitilini on the Aegean island of Lesvos, in Capo d’Orlando (Sicily, Italy) and in some others Sicilian comunes, and in the Iberian Jewish. studied the frequency of mtDNA from various populations from Europe (the Balkans, Mediterranean, Central and Northern Europe), the Caucasus, and the Middle East. The largest incidence of E1b1b is however in North Africa and the horn of Africa. Haplogroup M1 - found in North Africa, Horn of Africa, Mediterranean, and Middle East. The frequency is higher in southern Europe, amounting to approximately 8-10% of the population in Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey. As far as I can tell, for non-Jewish non-Hungarian non-German non-Roma ethnic Romanians their Y-DNA haplogroups include E1b1b1, G, I1, I2a, Q, and R1b1a2. The term "haplogroup" covers all biology, but in this wiki (and, to some extent, in Wikipedia, such as the bulk of the Wikipedia:haplogroup article) it is generally used to mean "human haplogroup". "Sicily has one of the highest frequencies of Haplogroup J2 (M172) in the mediterranean. Media in category "Haplogroup U (mtDNA)" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. It is characterized by an HVR2 mutation at 146. The mitochondrial super-haplogroup U encompasses haplogroups U1-U7 and haplogroup K. Haplogroup H. G is found mostly in the north central Middle East and the Caucasus, with smaller numbers around the Mediterranean and eastward. Haplogroup H is a descendant of haplogroup HV. X2 mtDNA in Galilee Northern Israel and the 12 Tribes In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup X is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. L2a is a subclade sometimes called "Mediterranean" because it occurs in southern Europe, from Portugal to Turkey, in the countries bordering the northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. My Autossomal MDLP World-22 Admixture Proportions Magnus Ducatus Lituaniae Project MDLP World-22 Populations For questions or comments about this project or your results, please email [email protected] The haplogroup mostly stayed in place until about 15,000 years ago, when the glaciers that had covered much of Eurasia during the Ice Age began to retreat. In human genetics, Haplogroup J2b1 (M205) is one of two complimentary clades of Y-chromosome Haplogroup J-M172 (Greco-Anatolian, Mesopotamian and/or Caucasian). Because Jews and Arabs belong to haplogroup J, then, by that definition they belong to the "mediterranean race" but here's the problem; haplogroup J, it has been discovered, originated in central Asia, and from there the people migrated to India, Persia, and the fertile crescent. Haplogroup R-M207 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Haplogroup (Hg) I-M170 is a component of the European Y-chromosome gene pool, accounting, on average, for 18% of the total paternal lineages. The T2 subclade is most frequent in Europe with the highest frequencies in the Mediterranean and Near East areas, particularly among Palestinians. Sicilian haploid genetics in the Mediterranean context and Im the minor Haplogroup I2a1c (P37. 6 % to 30 % of Sephardic Y-chromosomes, appears to be one of the major founding lineages of the Jewish population. Our paternal ancestors will also have the same signature. Haplogroup U can be split into 9 sub-hplogroups. The first paternal line to arrive in South Europe, at least as far as the Mediterranean, was E. areas near the Mediterranean Sea) Haplogroup E2 (M75) East Africa. It first expanded in the northern Near East and southern Caucasus between 33,000 and 26,000 years ago, and later migrations from Iberia suggest it reached Europe before the LGM. It is common among Semitic populations, and includes. Identifying Genetic Traces of Historical Expansions: Phoenician Footprints in the Mediterranean. Note, on the map above, that the entire Mediterranean basin fell under the Roman rule, including several Middle Eastern locations where Bowling haplogroup matches are found. Other subclades of J1b are restricted to the Middle East or the eastern Mediterranean. For example, haplogroup E is found in approximately 61% of those tested from "Sub-Saharan" Africa. Quite a few ancient civilizations flourished in territories where J2b1 lineages are now preponderant. And haplogroup G is rarely discussed in depth; its origin and distribution remain poorly understood. Furthermore, the majority of all the male skeletons from the European Neolithic period have so far yielded Y-DNA belonging to this haplogroup like the mummified remains of Ötzi the Iceman, The National Geographic Society places haplogroup G origins in the Middle East 30,000 years ago and presumes that people carrying the haplogroup took part. Yeah bro, Bantus acquired haplogroup E from the Hamitic males it originated with. Category:Haplogroup R1b of Y-DNA. and North Africa during the Neolithic. The maternal haplogroup Geno 2. Charles Kerchner's YDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links The following Haplogroup Descriptions are from the FamilyTreeDNA.